Thema: 
Antrittsvorlesung: Calculating the properties of extremely hot end dense matter 
Datum: 
25.06.18 
Uhrzeit: 
16:15 
Ort: 
H6 
Vortragender: 

Universität Bielefeld 

Inhalt: 
Exploring the properties and phase structure of strong interaction matter from first principles is an extremely active and numerically intense field of research. The last 15 years have seen tremendous progress in the quality of lattice regularized Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) calculations. It is now possible to perform QCD calculations with physical quark masses and reliable continuum extrapolations for bulk thermodynamic quantities at nonzero temperatures. A small baryon number density can be introduced by a Taylor expansion approach. In this accessible region the QCD phase diagram can now be explored in detail, with some applications to heavy ion physics and cosmology. What remains to be an important and unsolved issue are calculations at large baryon number densities. I will review recent lattice QCD results on bulk thermodynamics at nonzero temperature and small baryon number densities, which includes the equation of state as well as recent results on the density dependence of the QCD transition temperature. I will further discuss how thermal fluctuations of baryon number, electric charge and strangeness can be used to connect QCD calculations with heavy ion experiments conducted at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) in Brookhaven. Finally, I will sketch some strategies for QCD calculations that might help to go beyond a Taylor expansion and overcome the infamous sign problem that is faced in numerical QCD calculations. 
Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
Upper and lower Lipschitz bounds for the perturbation of edges of the essential spectrum 
Datum: 
01.06.18 
Uhrzeit: 
16:15 
Ort: 
V3204 
Vortragender: 

TU Dortmund 

Inhalt: 
Let $A$ be a selfadjoint operator, $B$ a bounded symmetric operator and $A+t B$ a perturbation. I will present upper and lower Lipschitz bounds on the function of $t$ which locally describes the movement of edges of the essential spectrum. Analogous bounds apply also for eigenvalues within gaps of the essential spectrum. The bounds hold for an optimal range of values of the coupling constant $t$. This is result is applied to Schroedinger operators on unbounded domains which are perturbed by a nonnegative potential which is mostly equal to zero. Unique continuation estimates nevertheless ensure quantitative bounds on the lifting of spectral edges due to this semidefinite potential. This allows to perform spectral engineering in certain situations. The talks is based on the preprint https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.07816 
Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
Perturbative construction of a stringlocalized Dirac field in a Hilbert space representation of QED  A programme and some results. 
Datum: 
13.07.18 
Uhrzeit: 
14:15 
Ort: 
D5153 
Vortragender: 
Jens Mund 
UFJF, Juiz de Fora, Brazil 

Inhalt: 
The construction of charged physical states in QED [Morchio and Strocchi 1983/2003; Steinmann 1984] has been a difficult task due to the infrared problems related to Gauss' law, which imply that the charge cannot be localized in finite regions and that the electron is an infraparticle, i.e., it does not correspond to a discrete eigenvalue of the mass operator. I propose a new strategy for a straightforward perturbative construction of the interacting Dirac field acting in a Hilbert space, which describes the electron as an infraparticle. It is not point but ''stringlocalized'', i.e., localized on halfrays extending to spacelike infinity. The construction works in a new framework which relates the free (GuptaBleuler) vector potential acting in a Krein space with its stringlocalized version acting in the physical (positive semidefinite) subspace. I construct the stringlocalized scalar field chi which implements the gauge transformation between the two potentials, and consider the free stringlocalized ''dressed Dirac field'' $\exp(i e \chi) \psi$ , where $\psi$ is the free Dirac field and $e$ is the electron charge. The adiabatic limit of its interacting version in the EpsteinGlaser perturbative scheme is my candidate for the Dirac field. My conjecture that it exists and satisfies the mentioned properties has the following basis. Firstly, it has been verified at lower orders that this field leaves the physical subspace invariant before the adiabatic limit. Therefore the weak adiabatic limit (whose existence was shown by Blanchard and Seneor) satisfies positivity by a recent result of Duch. Secondly, the field $\chi$ has the same infrared structure as the free scalar field in 2 dimensions, whose exponentiation leads to an infraparticle representation [Schroer 1963]. I expect that the same holds true for our $\chi$ in the adiabatic limit. This would mean that our free ''dressed Dirac field'' already describes the free (but dressed) electron as an infraparticle. Then there is no obstruction from general reasons to the conjecture that the Hilbert space of the free dressed Dirac field is the GNS space of the adiabatic limit. 
Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
tba 
Datum: 
28.06.18 
Uhrzeit: 
14:15 
Ort: 
D5153 
Vortragender: 
MariaBernadette Riedl 
Universität Bielefeld 

Inhalt: 

Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
Eigenvectorrelated correlation functions and their connection with generalized chiral random matrix ensembles with a source 
Datum: 
11.01.18 
Uhrzeit: 
16:00 
Ort: 
D5153 
Vortragender: 
Jacek Grela 
LPTMS Université ParisSud 

Inhalt: 
We will introduce eigenvectorrelated correlation functions, discuss briefly their significance in dynamical Ginibre ensemble [1,2] and present asymptotic results in the large matrix size limit. Motivated by recent work [3] on joint eigenvectoreigenvalue correlation function valid for finite matrix size N in the complex and real Ginibre Ensembles, we study integrable structure of a certain generalized chiral Gaussian Unitary Ensemble with a source [4]. This model can be also interpreted as a deformation of the complex Ginibre Ensemble with an external source with additional determinant term. We present compact formulas for the characteristic polynomial, inverse characteristic polynomial and the kernel. In the case of a special source, we calculate asymptotics in the joint "bulkedge" regime of all aforementioned objects and show their Besseltype behaviour. References: [1] ''Dysonian dynamics of the Ginibre ensemble'', Z. Burda, J. Grela, M. A. Nowak, W. Tarnowski, P. Warcho?, Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 104102 (2014) [2] ''Unveiling the significance of eigenvectors in diffusing nonhermitian matrices by identifying the underlying Burgers dynamics'', Z. Burda, J. Grela, M. A. Nowak, W. Tarnowski, P. Warcho?, Nucl. Phys. B 897, 421 (2015) [3] ''On statistics of biorthogonal eigenvectors in real and complex Ginibre ensembles: combining partial Schur decomposition with supersymmetry'', Y. V. Fyodorov, arXiv:1710.04699 [4] ''On characteristic polynomials for a generalized chiral random matrix ensemble with a source", Y. V. Fyodorov, J. Grela, E. Strahov, arXiv:1711.07061 
Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
The Random Normal Matrix Model: Insertion of a Point Charge 
Datum: 
27.06.18 
Uhrzeit: 
16:15 
Ort: 
V3201 
Vortragender: 

Lund University 

Inhalt: 
We study conditional twodimensional loggases in the determinantal case, given that there is a point charge in the interior of the support of the equilibrium measure (the ''droplet''). On a microscopic level, we obtain near the inserted charge a family of universal pointfields, depending on the strength of the charge and so on, which are characterized by special entire functions  MittagLeffler functions. The charge also affects the microscopic behaviour near the boundary of the droplet, where it gives rise to a kind of balayage operation. One motivation for studying this kind of conditional pointprocesses is that they are closely related to the characteristic polynomial of a random normal matrix  an object of interest for field theories and multiplicative chaos. The talk is based on joint work with Kang and Seo. 
Ansprechpartner: 