Thema: 
Molecularlevel ionizingradiation matter interactions and their consequences 
Datum: 
13.12.22 
Uhrzeit: 
14:15 
Ort: 
H6 
Vortragender: 

Universität Kassel 

Inhalt: 
The interaction between ionizing electromagnetic radiation and dense matter and processes following an initial ionization event are fundamental to a variety of important challenges in society and science. If those processes would be fully understood, this could be the basis to develop measures to avoid or cure hazardous effects due to ionizingradiation exposure of biologically relevant systems, to develop treatments for diseases occurring as consequences of such processes in living entities, or, in a completely different field of science, to understand fundamental processes in astrochemistry. In the presentation I will show how spectroscopy of dispersed fluorescence, electrons and by multicoincidence methods upon ionization by monochromatized synchrotron and freeelectron laser radiation can be used to clarify and quantify those fundamental processes. By increasing the complexity of the investigated systems stepwise from photoionization and photodissociation processes of individual atoms or molecules over processes occurring in clusters towards processes occurring in liquids my group tries to investigate how processes essentially known to us in individual molecules may be changed and which other processes may occur when those molecules are embedded in (approximately) realistic environments. 
Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
tba 
Datum: 
13.01.23 
Uhrzeit: 
16:15 
Ort: 
D5153 
Vortragender: 

Universität Regensburg 

Inhalt: 

Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
Relativistic dynamics in black hole systems and efforts toward the discovery of nanoHz GWs 
Datum: 
12.12.22 
Uhrzeit: 
16:15 
Ort: 
D6135 
Vortragender: 

TIFR Mumbai 

Inhalt: 
The study of bound particle trajectories around a rotating black hole is crucial to understanding many as trophysical phenomena. I will present a new closedform analytic solution for the generalized nonequatorial eccentric bound particle trajectories, and their fundamental frequencies, in the Kerr spacetime using general relativity. The trajectories are expressed in the eccentricity, inverselatus rectum, spin, and Carter’s constant (e, ?, a, Q) parameter space. The generalized solutions also enabled us to obtain the necessary bound orbit conditions for (e, ?, a, Q) and novel specialized formulae for equatorial, spherical, and nonequatorial sepa ratrix orbits. Next, I will present the Generalized Relativistic Precession Model (GRPM), which utilizes the analytic solutions of trajectories in the Kerr spacetime, to explain the origin of Quasiperiodic oscillations (QPOs) in black hole Xray binaries (BHXRB). Our analysis of the plasma fluid flow around a Kerr black hole in the relativistic disk edge suggests that instabilities cause QPOs to originate in a torus region spanned by geodesics. The application of the GRPM will also be shown for Xray QPOs seen in Seyferts galaxies. Toward the end, I will discuss our recent efforts for the first official data release of the Indian Pulsar Timing Array (InPTA), which will be incorporated into the global effort of the International Pulsar Timing Array (IPTA) consortium to discover nanoHz gravitational waves emitted by the relativistic supermassive black hole binaries. 
Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
Nonequilibrium nonMarkovian steady states in open quantum manybody systems: Persistent oscillations in Heisenberg quantum spin chains 
Datum: 
09.12.22 
Uhrzeit: 
14:15 
Ort: 
D5153 
Vortragender: 
Regina Finsterhölzl 
Universität Konstanz 

Inhalt: 
We investigate the effect of a nonMarkovian, structured reservoir on an open Heisenberg spin chain by applying coherent timedelayed feedback control to it. The structured reservoir couples frequencydependent to the spin chain and therefore induces a memory, thus the spin chain interacts partially with its own past. We demonstrate that with this new paradigm of a nonMarkovian temporal driving scheme, it is possible to generate persistent oscillations within the manybody system and thus induce highly nontrivial states which dynamically store excitation within the chain. These oscillations occur at special points in the stability landscape and persist for different chain lengths and different initial excitations within the chain. We propose a noninvasive partial characterization of the chain by exploiting the fact that the different trapping conditions which arise each relate to specific steady states within the chain. 
Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
tba 
Datum: 
19.01.23 
Uhrzeit: 
16:00 
Ort: 
D5153 
Vortragender: 
Tobias Hartung 
University of Bath 

Inhalt: 

Ansprechpartner: 
Thema: 
Moments and SU(N) algebra for Embedded Unitary Ensemble 
Datum: 
07.12.22 
Uhrzeit: 
09:00 
Ort: 
ZOOM / Konferenzschaltung 
Vortragender: 

Physical Research Laboratory Ahmedabad 

Inhalt: 
Embedded random matrix ensembles with $k$body interactions, usually called EE($k$), introduced 50 years back in the context of nuclear shell model, are now well established to be appropriate for understanding statistical properties of many quantum systems [1]. Say $m$ fermions (or bosons) are in $N$ degenerate single particle states and interacting with $k$body interactions. Then, with direct product representation of the manyparticle states, the $k$ and $m$ fermion space dimensions are $\binom{N}{k}$ and $\binom{N}{m}$ respectively. Now, with a GUE representation for the Hamiltonian ($H$) matrix in the $k$ particle space, the $m$particle $H$ matrix will be EGUE($k$)  embedded GUE with $k$body interactions. Similarly, we have EGOE($k$) and EGSE($k$). Note that for $k=m$ we have the classical GOE, GUE and GSE. Recently, using the formulas for the moments up to order 8, it is established that the onepoint function, ensemble averaged density of eigenvalues, follows the so called $q$normal distribution for EGUE($k$) [also for EGOE($k)] with $q$ defined by the fourth moment [2]. The $q$normal generates Gaussian density for $k << m$ and semicircle for $k=m$. Unlike the onepoint function, till today there is no success in deriving the twopoint correlation function for EGUE($k$) or EGOE($k$) even in the limit of $k < 
Ansprechpartner: 